• April 26, 2019

JAL Group Announces FY2018 Consolidated Financial Results

The JAL Group (JAL) today announced the consolidated financial results for FY2018.

To summarize the business environment in FY2018, major global economies including Japan and the U.S. achieved moderate and sustainable growth, despite U.S.-China trade frictions and political instability in Europe. Under these economic conditions, international and domestic air travel and international air freight demand remained strong in the first-half of the fiscal year. Although the company experienced a slightly weaker demand in the second-half, steady growth was seen throughout the fiscal year.

Crude oil prices, which affect fuel costs and international passenger and international cargo revenues, increased significantly over the previous year in the first-half of the fiscal year but dropped in the second-half due to the slowdown of the Chinese economy. However, fuel prices rose again from January 2019, partly attributable to the OPEC agreement to cut oil production and expectations for progress at U.S.-China trade talks, which left fuel price projections unclear.

Under these economic conditions, the company continued to implement profit conscious management strategies based on the principles of JAL Philosophy and the divisional profitability management system. In order to reach the goals set out in the FY2017-2020 JAL Group Medium Term Management Plan, the company will strive to realize greater management efficiencies and provide unparalleled service to customers, while committing to provide a safe and comfortable travel experience.

As a result, the operating revenue for the consolidated fiscal year increased 7.5% year over year to 1,487.2 billion yen, operating expenses increased 8.5% year over year to 1,311.1 billion yen, operating profit increased 0.9% year over year to 176.1 billion yen and the ordinary profit increased 1.3% from the previous year to 165.3 billion yen. The net profit attributable to owners of the parent was 150.8 billion yen, up 11.4% from the previous year.

  1. 1. JAL Group Consolidated Results for the Period April 1, 2018 - March 31, 2019

Unit: Billions of yen

  Fiscal Year 2017

(4/1/2017 – 3/31/2018)

Fiscal Year 2018

(4/1/2018 – 3/31/2019)


vs. Prior Year

% vs. Prior Year

Operating Revenue



+ 104.0


International Passenger

Domestic Passenger

Cargo (Inter/Dom)










+ 67.7

+ 9.8

+ 8.8

+ 17.5





Operating Expense



+ 102.4


Operating Profit



+ 1.5


Operating Profit Margin



- 0.8 point



Ordinary Profit



+ 2.1


Profit attributable to owners of parent



+ 15.4


Figures have been truncated and percentages are rounded off to the first decimal place.

2. Air Transportation Segment

International Operations
For international passenger operations, outbound demand from Japan was steady while inbound demand remained strong, as the number of visitors to Japan reached 31.19 million in CY2018; exceeding the 30 million mark for the first time in the country`s history. To capture the robust demand, the carrier proactively optimized its cabin configuration and increased seat availability to balance out the supply and demand on each route. As a result of the routes launched in FY2017 (Narita=Kona, Narita=Melbourne, Haneda=London), available seat kilometers (ASK) increased by 6.0% year over year, passenger traffic grew by 6.3% year over year, revenue passenger kilometers (RPK) rose by 6.3% year over year, and load factor reached 81.3%.

In route operations, JAL launched new services between Haneda=Manila from February 1 and Narita=Seattle from March 31, 2019. And, for future routes, JAL announced the launch of the Narita=Bengaluru route during the summer schedule of 2020.

In regards to strengthening and expanding partnerships, JAL expanded codeshare agreements with the following airlines: S7 Airlines (from April 29, 2018), Garuda Indonesia (from October 28, 2018), Vietjet Air (from October 28, 2018), Aeroméxico (from February 13, 2019), Fiji Airways (from February 26, 2019), and Alaska Airlines (from March 31, 2019).

For enhancements to the current joint business partnerships, the following routes were added: British Airways` new Kansai=London route (from March 31, 2019) and Finnair`s Kansai=Helsinki route from March 31, 2019. In addition, Finnair announced new flights on the New Chitose=Helsinki route (from December 15, 2019), which will be added to the joint business structure. To further promote joint businesses with partner airlines, JAL filed an application for antitrust immunity with Hawaiian Airlines in June 2018 and with China Eastern Airlines in October 2018, with an aim to launch the business structure by March 31, 2020.

On the product and service front, the carrier introduced the JAL International Award Ticket PLUS program to provide customers convenient options to redeem award tickets. By using additional miles, customers can redeem award tickets that would normally be waitlisted under current conditions. Also, from April 2019, JAL changed the reservation start date for international flights from 330 to 360 days prior to departure, enabling travelers to book tickets at an earlier stage.

On routes to Hawaii, JAL introduced new services to meet the diversified needs of its customers and to further increase the carrier`s brand preference. Through a concept called Style yourself ~ JAL HAWAII, JAL opened a new lounge at Daniel K. Inouye International Airport in August 2018, launched an early check-in service program with the carrier`s hotel partners and offered a reciprocal mileage program with Hawaiian Airlines. In addition, JAL introduced a dedicated self-service check-in counter at Daniel K. Inouye International Airport from March 2019.

The new passenger service system, which was renewed in November 2017, is being utilized to maximize yield management strategies, as well as increasing sales on its overseas online channels.

In international cargo operations, strong air freight demand in the first-half of the fiscal year centered on automobile related shipments but weakened in the second-half of the fiscal year.

As a result of the above, international passenger revenue was 530.6 billion yen, up 14.6% year over year.

Domestic Operations
In domestic operations, a number of flights were affected due to the aftermath of Typhoon Jebi at Kansai International Airport and the Hokkaido Eastern Iburi Earthquake in September 2018. However, to cater to robust demand, JAL expanded routes operated by the Embraer 190 aircraft, centered on routes in and out of Osaka (Itami) Airport and introduced the JAL SKY NEXT configured Boeing 737-800 aircraft on Okinawa (Naha) routes operated by Japan Transocean Air.

As a result, available seat kilometers (ASK) increased by 1.1% year over year, passenger traffic grew by 2.4% year over year, revenue passenger kilometers (RPK) rose 2.2% year over year, and load factor reached 72.5%.

To support the recovery in the aftermath of the 2018 Hokkaido Eastern Iburi Earthquake, JAL offered Support Sakitoku fares at affordable prices on routes to/from Hokkaido along with dynamic package travel products. In addition, JAL lowered fares on its JAL Japan Explorer Pass as a limited time offer on Hokkaido routes and Kansai region routes (Kansai, Itami, Nanki-Shirahama) to revitalize inbound traffic to Japan.

In route operations, JAL launched new services between the islands of Tokunoshima, Okinoerabu, and Okinawa (Naha), also known as the “Amami Islands Hopping Route,” operated by Japan Air Commuter to further expand travel among the Amami Islands. In addition, the ATR72-600 aircraft was launched on routes to/from Kagoshima by Japan Air Commuter.

For products and services, the carrier started to accept domestic award reservations up to one-day prior to the flight from October 2018. In addition, JAL partnered with Kyushu Railway Company to offer optional services for customers traveling to airports in Kyushu using the domestic award ticket program, Dokokani Mile.

From February to March 2019, a new check-in system was progressively introduced to airports in Japan and the passenger service system renewal project was completed. This new system maximizes yield management strategy with greater precision in domestic passenger operations.

As a result of the above, domestic passenger revenue was 528.0 billion yen, up 1.9% year over year.

3. JAL Group Consolidated Financial Position


As of March 31, 2018

As of March 31, 2019


Total Assets (billion yen) *1



+ 176.3

Net Assets (billion yen)



+ 106.0

Equity Ratio (%)*2



+ 0.2 point

Interest-bearing Debt (billion yen)



+ 16.5

Debt/Equity Ratio *3



+ 0.0x

Figures are rounded down to the nearest tenth of a billion yen while percentages are rounded off to the first decimal place.

1. The Company applied “Partial Amendments to Accounting Standard for Tax Effect Accounting” (Corporate Accounting Standard No. 28, February 16, 2018), from the beginning of the first three months of the consolidated financial statements. The figure as of March 31, 2018 is based on a retroactive application.
2. Shareholders’ equity is total net assets excluding minority interests.
3. Debt-to-equity ratio is interest-bearing debt divided by shareholders equity.

4. Dividends Policy
JAL regards shareholder returns as one of our most important management matters. Our fundamental policy is to actively implement shareholder returns through continuous and stable dividends and flexible share repurchases, while securing internal reserves for making investments for future corporate growth amidst changing business environments and to build a strong financial structure. Our shareholder return policy for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2020 and the following years will be based on the following principle.

In order to maintain a stable dividend level, despite the upcoming effective tax rate increase, JAL will decide the dividend per share level, considering its continuity, stability and predictability with reference to a payout ratio of approximately 35%. In addition, JAL will proactively consider share repurchases, considering its financial position and other factors. As a result, JAL seeks to achieve a total payout ratio, which combines the total dividends paid out and the total amounts of the share repurchases, with an approximate range between 35% and 50%, through appropriately sharing periodic profits and allocating capitals among all of its stakeholders.

At the same time, JAL continuously strives to improve capital efficiency through monitoring a total return on equity ratio, which is calculated by dividing the sum of total dividends paid out and share repurchases by shareholders’ equity. JAL makes its efforts to maintain this ratio at approximately 3% or above.

As a result, JAL plans to pay a year-end dividend of 55 yen per share for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2019. The annual dividend will be 110 yen per share, including the interim dividend of 55 yen per share. The dividend forecast in the fiscal year ending March 31, 2020 is 110 yen per share, with the estimated interim dividend of 55 yen.

JAL decided at the Board of Directors meeting held on April 26, 2019 to conduct share repurchase up to 20 billion yen. All acquired shares herein are planned to be retired based on the resolution at the Board of Directors meeting in accordance with provisions in Article 178 of the Companies Act. JAL will continuously strive to increase capital efficiency and maintain stable shareholder return.

Dividends per Share

2nd Quarter End

Fiscal Year End



52.5 yen

57.5 yen

110.0 yen


55.0 yen

55.0 yen

110.0 yen

FY2019 (Forecast)

55.0 yen

55.0 yen

110.0 yen

Treasury Stock




Acquisition Value

20.0 billion yen

20.0 billion yen


  1. 5. Consolidated Financial Forecast for the Fiscal Year Ending March 31, 2020

Unit: Billions of yen

Operating   Revenue

Operating Profit

Ordinary  Profit

Profit attributable to owners of the parent

Entire Fiscal Year


(180.0 *)



Note: The forecast above represents estimates of future results based on the information available at the time of release and the company’s reasonable judgment on this information. They are inherently subject to risks which may result in a divergence in the actual result from the forecasts and estimates contained herein.

* Number is based on previous depreciation method. The new depreciation method has changed in which assets are classified to each component, for example, based on economic lives of components, such as aircraft fuselage, engines and cabin interior, and each component is depreciated separately.
* Forecast is based on the figures announced through JAL`s Medium Term Management Plan - Rolling Plan 2019




Trademarks, brands, copyright and the other intellectual property rights material contained on this website belong to Japan Airlines Co., Ltd. or the applicable owners or third party. The material may be used only for personal use and for non-commercial purposes.